Name: 
 

Chapter 29



Multiple Choice
Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 

 1. 

The following are common to both charophyceans and land plants except
a.
sporopollenin.
b.
lignin.
c.
chlorophyll a.
d.
cellulose.
e.
chlorophyll b.
 

 2. 

A number of characteristics are very similar between charophyceans and members of the kingdom Plantae. Of the following, which characteristic does not provide evidence for a close evolutionary relationship between these two groups?
a.
alternation of generations
b.
chloroplast structure
c.
cell plate formation during cytokinesis
d.
sperm cell structure
e.
ribosomal RNA nucleotide sequences
 

 3. 

The following are all adaptations to life on land except
a.
rosette cellulose-synthesizing complexes.
b.
cuticles.
c.
tracheids.
d.
reduced gametophyte generation.
e.
seeds.
 

 4. 

Which of the following is not a secondary compound of embryophytes?
a.
adenosine triphosphate
b.
alkaloids
c.
terpenes
d.
tannins
e.
flavonoids
 

 5. 

Which of these should have had gene sequences most similar to the charophycean that was the common ancestor of the land plants?
a.
early angiosperms
b.
early bryophytes
c.
early gymnosperms
d.
early lycophytes
e.
early pterophytes
 

 6. 

Which of the following is a true statement about plant reproduction?
a.
"Embryophytes" are small because they are in an early developmental stage.
b.
Both male and female bryophytes produce gametangia.
c.
Gametangia protect gametes from excess water.
d.
Eggs and sperm of bryophytes swim toward one another.
e.
Bryophytes are limited to asexual reproduction.
 

 7. 

Each of the following is a general characteristic of bryophytes except
a.
a cellulose cell wall.
b.
vascular tissue.
c.
chlorophylls a and b.
d.
being photosynthetic autotrophs.
e.
being eukaryotic.
 

 8. 

The following are all true about the life cycle of mosses except
a.
external water is required for fertilization.
b.
flagellated sperm are produced.
c.
antheridia and archegonia are produced by gametophytes.
d.
gametes are directly produced by meiosis.
e.
gametophytes germinate from spores.
 

 9. 

Two, small, poorly drained lakes lie close to each other in a northern forest. The basins of both lakes are composed of the same geologic substratum. One lake is surrounded by a dense Sphagnum mat; the other is not. Compared with the pond without Sphagnum, the pond surrounded by the moss should have
a.
a lower pH.
b.
lower numbers of bacteria.
c.
reduced rates of decomposition.
d.
A and C only
e.
A, B, and C
 

 10. 

The following characteristics all helped seedless plants become better-adapted to land except
a.
a dominant gametophyte.
b.
vascular tissue.
c.
a waxy cuticle.
d.
stomata.
e.
a branched sporophyte.
 

 11. 

If one were building a large, log structure during the Carboniferous period, which plant type(s) would be suitable sources of logs?
a.
ferns and epiphytes
b.
horsetails and bryophytes
c.
lycophytes and bryophytes
d.
horsetails and lycophytes
e.
hornworts and gymnosperms
 



 
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